Pioneer in the production of organic foods

The Tamanduá Farm is located in the city of Santa Teresinha, close to the city of Patos, in the State of Paraíba, in the Northeast of Brazil. In the sertão of Espinharas, the farm is located 7° south of the equator, 400 km from the coast and the easternmost point of the South American continent, at an average altitude of 240 meters. Its climate is characteristic of semiarid tropical regions, with average annual rainfall of 800 mm, concentrated in a short period of 2 to 4 months, followed by a long period of drought, which can last from 8 to 12 months. Drought cycles periodically plague this region, causing misery, rural flight, and violence. Global climate changes have caused a significant decrease in rainfall in recent years.

As in all the 800,000 km2 of Northeastern Brazil, the caatinga is the predominant natural vegetation. The word “caatinga” comes from the Tupi language, formed by the words “caa” (bush, vegetation) and “tinga” (white). It is formed by xerophilous, woody and deciduous shrub trees, which are frequently thorny. The presence of an imposing rock formation, typical of the sertão, the inselberg called Serrote Tamanduá, gave origin to the name of the Farm. The anteater (Tamandua tetradactyla), a medium-sized mammal, which used to be common in the region, but is now endangered due to hunting activities. Since 1977, the Tamanduá Farm belongs to Mocó Agropecuária Ltda. The word “mocó,” which gives the company its name, came from the long-fiber tree cotton variety that was grown from 1977 to 1984.

A pioneer in the organic and biodynamic sector, but with limited water resources, the Tamanduá Farm is dependent on the seasons and, mainly, on the irregular rainfall that periodically affects the Northeast. For this reason, we cannot always offer the full range of our products.

Organismo Agrícola

Na visão de Rudolf Steiner, fundador dos princípios da Agricultura Biodinâmica em 1924, uma Fazenda tem que ser vista como um todo integrado, um organismo vivo em sua essência, um organismo agrícola.

Como um ser humano, este organismo possui diversos órgãos que interferem entre si e que não podem viver sem esta interação. A presença do animal no vegetal é impreterível, tudo sendo manejado de forma dinâmica para trazer e apoiar a saúde e o bem-estar de todos.

O papel do agropecuarista biodinâmico é de ajudar a desenvolver uma compreensão íntima de cada elemento da fazenda bem como o seu potencial criativo. Ele se esforça para ser autossustentável e autossuficiente, aproveitando os fluxos de energia a partir do sol, da chuva e do vento. Ele utiliza os preparados biodinâmicos, que de maneira homeopática ajudam a vida do organismo agrícola.

Na prática da Fazenda Tamanduá isso implica em primeiro lugar a diversificação das atividades, fugindo da monocultura.

Um dos nossos ciclos mais importantes é, por exemplo, o do composto: as abelhas polinizam as mangueiras, o sorgo e a moringa bem como as inúmeras gramíneas e leguminosas formando as pastagens. A poda das mangueiras é triturada e entra como fonte de carbono no composto misturado com o esterco das vacas e dos caprinos. Preparados biodinâmicos são utilizados, e as pilhas são reviradas e molhadas para ter uma decomposição perfeita.

Após 60 dias o composto está pronto. Ele contém todos os elementos necessários à fertilização dos solos (nitrogênio, fósforo, potássio, magnésio e carbono) e é diretamente utilizado para a adubação das próprias mangueiras ou outras culturas. Mas o grande diferencial em relação a adubos químicos é que traz matéria orgânica para o solo melhorando a textura dos solos a cada aplicação.

Timeline

1977 | Acquisition of the Tamanduá Farm

1977 | Beginning of the cotton production

1978 | Beginning of the cotton production

1979 | Importação de matrizes de Gado Pardo Suíço da Suíça

1985 | End of the cotton production

1990 | Beginning of the mango production

1995 | Beginning of the cheese production

1998 | Beginning of the honey production

2000 | Organic certification

2000 | Tamanduá Farm listed as a Private Reserve of Natural Heritage

2002 | Biodynamic certification

2007 | Beginning of the spirulina production

2010 | Beginning of the rice production

2019 | End of the cheese production

The Cruz Farm

Despite its 3,000 hectares, the Tamanduá Farm, like many properties in the sertão located in the northeastern semiarid region, has an immense limitation: its water storage capacity. The various weirs located in the Farm, lakes usually formed by earthfill dams, represent less than 5 million cubic meters of stored water. Climate change causes irregular rainfall, to the point that we have not seen all weirs full and overflowing since 2014.

Realizing that short-cycle irrigated crops, such as cucurbits, or long-cycle crops, such as fruit trees, especially mango trees, represented the best solution to ensure an income throughout the year and not only during the short rainy season, we went searching for nearby properties that could provide water perennially.

The Cruz Farm, located a few kilometers from Patos, in the direction of Teixeira, is located on the banks of the Rio da Cruz. It is perennialized by the water that comes from the Capoeira state weir, and seemed to pose a wonderful opportunity. Fertile flat alluvial lands seemed to ensure an enchanting future.

But shortly after the acquisition of this 300-hectare land, with 90 of perfect lowlands, the state decided to cut the water released from the weir, killing several small irrigators implanted by a pioneer city project to create a green belt around the city of Patos. Now a certified biodynamic farm, the Cruz Farm is used for grazing loose cattle, planting sorghum and drumstick tree, in addition to planting melons and watermelons when there is water in the river.

The Serra Branca Farm

The race for water returned with the pressure of the drought cycles. Thus, on the edge of the dos Cegos weir, in the city of Catingueira, 30 kilometers away, we found several pieces of land that we have been acquiring since 1998, completing 20 hectares. With a wavy topography, but good soil, an irrigation, aspersion and localized system was installed there.

There, we plant sorghum during the rains, and rooted 7 hectares of forage palm, both to feed livestock. But the most important thing was the implantation of 7 hectares of mango trees of the Keitt variety, in a dense, irrigated planting system, considerably increasing our mango production.

Timeline

1977 | Acquisition of the Tamanduá Farm

1977 | Beginning of the cotton production

1978 | Beginning of the cotton production

1979 | Importação de matrizes de Gado Pardo Suíço da Suíça

1985 | End of the cotton production

1990 | Beginning of the mango production

1995 | Beginning of the cheese production

1998 | Beginning of the honey production

2000 | Organic certification

2000 | Tamanduá Farm listed as a Private Reserve of Natural Heritage

2002 | Biodynamic certification

2007 | Beginning of the spirulina production

2010 | Beginning of the rice production

2019 | End of the cheese production

Discover Tamanduá Farm on our interactive map

CULTIVO DE MANGA

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